Beef Exports Rise First Half Of 2014










   It should be no surprise given the record U.S. beef prices this year that U.S. beef exports were down 13.5 percent in July and imports were up 37.1 percent. Yet, through the first seven months of the year, U.S. beef exports were up 1.4 percent compared to January-July 2013. The biggest export growth markets are Hong Kong and Mexico. Beef imports are up 15.4 percent with Australia supplying 68 percent of the increase. Imports of live cattle were up 11.7 percent during the first 7 months of the year.
   Domestic beef demand was up 0.7 percent in July. Beef demand has been up each month since January. Chicken and turkey demand were both down in July.
   USDA is forecasting a record corn harvest of 14.395 billion bushels with a season average price of $3.50 per bushel. They are predicting a record soybean harvest of 3.913 billion bushels with an average price of $10.00/bu.
   Boxed beef cutout value was mixed this week. The cutout value for choice carcasses this morning was $250.53/cwt, up $1.97 from last Friday and $57.47 higher than a year ago. The select cutout was $235.53/cwt on today’s morning report, down $1.77 for the week, but $59.21 higher than a year earlier.
   Fed cattle prices eased a bit this week. Through Thursday, the 5-area average price for slaughter steers sold on a live weight basis were $158.70/cwt, down 52 cents from last week’s average, but up $35.70 compared to a year ago. The 5 area average dressed price for steers lost 11 cents this week to $249.83/cwt. This week last year the dressed price averaged $194.28/cwt.
   Cattle slaughter totaled 592 thousand head, up 14.3 percent from the week before (which was light because of Labor Day) and 3.7 percent fewer than the same week last year. The average dressed weight for steers slaughtered the week ending August 30 was 877 pounds, down 3 pounds from the week before, but 10 pounds heavier than the same week last year.
   Feeder cattle prices were $3 to $8 higher this week at Oklahoma City. This week’s price ranges for medium and large frame #1 steers by weight group were: 400-450# $295-$324, 450-500# $275-$317, 500-550# $244-$286, 550-600# $243-$261, 600-650# $234.50-$253, 650-700# $219-$248, 700-750# $210-$244, 750-800# $214.50-$229.50, 800-900# $216-$227, and 900-1000# $198-$215/cwt.
   The October live cattle futures contract closed at $156.27/cwt today, down $3.48 on the week. December fed cattle settled at $159.25/cwt, down $1.67 for the week. The February contract ended the week at $159.57/cwt, up 37 cents from the previous Friday. The September feeder cattle contract gained $3.75 this week to end at $229.47/cwt. October feeders closed the week at $225.92/cwt, up $1.55 compared to the Friday before.
   The September corn futures contract ended the week at $3.39/bushel, down 7 cents for the week. December corn closed at $3.385, off 18 cents from the previous Friday. ∆
   DR. RON PLAIN AND DR. SCOTT BROWN: Agricultural Economists, University of Missouri
MidAmerica Farm Publications, Inc
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